The Science of Reading (SoR) has been an important movement in ensuring the ‘Right to Read’ for all students. An essential equity aspect in achieving this ‘Right’ is understanding and inclusion of student identity in the literacy learning process. Foundational SoR models will be critically examined through the lens of student identity. The ‘Culture View of Reading’ will be proposed and explained as a framework for incorporating student heritage and identity in the literacy process and how that then informs intentional instruction. Implications for teaching will be considered through Structured Literacy and Culturally Responsive Pedagogy.